Fabric Stabilizers – Not just for Machine Embroidery

cmorelli sewing

Fabric Stabilizers…Another topic I get a lot of questions on. I found many of you aren’t aware just how useful stabilizers can be. So today I decided to cover tips, tricks, and ideas on using fabric stabilizers in all areas of your sewing projects. Also, I have a special surprise FREEBIE offer in addition to a bonus discount coupon this week.  Share the blog with your friends so they can get in on the freebie offer! Freebie offer and coupon are good at all locations!

Keep reading to learn what you can do with stabilizer BEYOND machine embroidery. PLUS you’ll learn how to use stabilizers to make your machine embroidery turn out better than ever! ( Look for the Chart in upcoming post )  An upcoming post will focus more on stabilizers and embroidery.

Look for a  special bonus surprise coupon and FREEBIE offer hidden in this week’s post!

As I wrote this I realized, there is a lot of info on stabilizers. So with that in mind, I will begin with general info and a fun facts on stabilizers. Next, I will cover the different types of stabilizer. Finally, I will give you numerous ways to use stabilizer in crafting, quilting and sewing  – complete with tips and tricks!  You’ll be surprised at all the things you can use it for!  Stabilizer is a very handy notion!

General info on Stabilizers:

  • Fabric Stabilizer has been used for centuries (I bet you didn’t know that)
  • Stabilizer and interfacing are SIMILAR but not the same thing – yet both enhance the project’s finished look
  • Like interfacing, Stabilizer is a notion – not a tool
  • Stabilizer supports the fabric while maintaining weave and grain.  It also provides body, gives hand to the fabric, and prevents fraying.  Interfacing only provides body, shape, and weight to a specific area.
  • Typically stabilizer is applied to the WRONG side of fabric
  • Stabilizers prevent warping or twisting of the fabric weave
  • Not all stabilizer comes on a roll – some are even liquids!
  • Even within the same category, there are several types of stabilizer
  • Fabrics with open weaves such as netting, tulle, and burlap require a stabilizer to sew
  • Delicate or slippery fabrics such as chiffon, silk, taffeta are much easier to cut, stitch, and create with when stabilized first with a wash away
  • Stabilized fabric is ideal for creating shaped fabric objects and design elements

A Few Fun Facts

Yes, I did say that stabilizer has been used for CENTURIES. Some historians believe it may even have been used as early as the Egyptians in B.C. Most of us are familiar with today’s cloth-like or paper-like white material labeled “stabilizer”, often sold as rolls or cut sheets. But did you know that early fabric stabilizers were made from everyday common food items like sugar, honey, flour, eggs, and water?  Gelatin makes a great stabilizer (Recipe is at the end of the blog).

pannier fabric stabilizers Rocky Mountain Sewing DEnver Littleton Colorado Springs Aurora Arvada
Women with pannier dress

Early cultures used common kitchen ingredients to make their cloth stiff and wooden like. Or to make the cloth weather resistant. Typically, baskets woven from fabric scraps, or natural grasses, were coated with a stabilizer to make them water resistant and stronger. And items like rugs and baskets would last longer with a stabilizer on them.

Ruff Stabilizers fabric stabilizer Rocky Mountain Sewing Colorado Springs Denver Aurora Littleton Arvada
Queen Elizabeth I with ruff at neckline

Fabric stabilizers were also behind most of the unique fashion trends from the various eras – like bustles, parasols, panniers, crinoline underskirts, masquerade ball masks, circus costumes, bow ties, spats, poodle skirts, and more. Remember the ruffled collar thing on Queen Elizabeth?  ( That is actually known as a “ruff”). Without stabilizer, many of these fashion trends would never have been popular or possible. And for the fashion savvy, while design elements such as panniers and crinolines incorporated hoops, the fabric element was treated with a stabilizer to complete the look.


Stabilizer Basics Or Stabilizers 101

You need to know about stabilizers in order to get creative with them!

Stabilizer is typed into one of four categories or groups:  Tear-away, cut-away, wash-away, and heat-away. Even a liquid stabilizer will fall into one of these groups. The group name refers to the method used to remove the stabilizer once the project is complete. Stabilizer is offered in an array of weights. Also, it comes in various forms such as fusible, self-adhesive, non-fusible, spay on, tapes, etc. Note: Some projects require the stabilizer to remain permanently and some stabilizers are not removable.

I didn’t forget toppings. Toppings are just a subgroup applied differently. Toppings are a type of stabilizer used on the right side of fabric. Like stabilizer, they come in all weights, forms and types. But some stabilizers may also be used as a topping. And some toppings can be permanent too.

floriani stabilizer group stabilizer stitch n shape Rocky Mountain Sewing Denver Colorado Springs Arvada Aurora Littleton

Essentials of the different groups:

Tear-away: Just as the name says, a tear-away stabilizer simply tears off, or tears away, once the stitching is completed in the area where the stabilizer is used.

  • This is a cloth or paper-like stabilizer available on rolls or in pre-cut sheets
  • Found in fusible and non-fusible
  • Weights vary from sheer to heavy
  • Meant to be temporary since they are designed to tear easily
  • Some brands tear more easily than others
  • May be used as a topping
  • Most often a non-woven
  • May be sewn inHeat n Stay Floriani Stabilizer fabric stabiliser



Cut-away: It literally is cut away after the stitching is completed.

  • Cloth or paper-like available in pre-cut sheets or on rolls
  • Weights vary from light to heavy
  • Typically sewn in
  • Adds strength to fabric
  • Some toppings are cut-away
  • Thickness and weight vary between brands
  • Available in both woven and non-woven
  • Heavier is better for denser stitching
  • Prevents fabric see through
  • Should be soft in areas that will be next to skin


Cut away stabilizer Floriani stabilizer Rocky Mountain Sewing Denver Colorado Springs Littleton Aurora Arvada

Wash-away:  This group dissolves when wet.

  • Available in film, liquid, cloth-like, or paper-like form
  • Found on rolls more often than in sheets
  • Thicker film resembles vinyl
  • Thinner film feels like plastic kitchen wrap
  • Available in weights super sheer to medium
  • Good choice for toppings
  • Liquid stabilizer is applied with sprays, brushes, or by soaking
  • Great for specialty fabrics or fabrics with high nap
  • Best choice for working with lace

floriani group stabilizer and thread

Heat-away or Melt-away:  Unique stabilizer removed with heat.

  • Available in film, cloth-like, or paper-like form
  • Offered in both precut sheets and rolls
  • Film is most common form
  • Extra care needed when removing
  • Great for dry-clean only fabrics
  • Seldom used as topping
  • Typically removed with a DRY iron
  • More difficult to remove than other stabilizers

Now that you are familiar with the types of stabilizers, let’s move on to the FUN stuff – using it!

Creating and Crafting with Stabilizers

Time to think outside the box!  (Yes, if you do machine embroidery you NEED stabilizer.  The success of your embroidery project depends on using the correct stabilizer for your design, fabric choice, and project.  So, for all you machine embroidery enthusiasts, I have a chart for you at the end of this post.  Feel free to print it. Keep it handy.  Refer back to it. )

But stabilizer can be used for so much more than machine embroidery.  I use it in all kinds of projects to achieve professional results.  Did you ever see a project and wonder how they did that in their home?  Ever notice fine details and think the person was gifted?   How often have you struggled with hems, lace applications or other specialty finishing techniques?  Stabilizer is the key.  Stabilizers take the stress out of creating.  They make your sewing journey easier, more relaxed, and more fun.

Tips and Tricks with Stabilizers


Cutting machines: Have you ever tried cutting fabric in a cutting machine?  How did it work?  I hear from crafters all the time about cutting machine frustrations.  The key to successfully and easily cut fabric in any cutting machine is stabilizer.

  • Liquid is best here, but fusible works well also
  • Make sure fabric is DRY before cutting
  • The more rigid you make your fabric, the easier it will be to cut
  • Try double sided fusible for easy appliques
  • Use liquid and fusible together on very delicate or thin fabrics
  • Don’t be afraid to experiment!Fabric flowers Rocky Mountain Sewing

Fabric  and Paper Flowers: Have you been afraid to try crafting your own fabric or paper flowers? Perhaps, you are frustrated with fraying fabric.  Maybe it’s been difficult to work with petals and leaves.   Again, it’s stabilizer to the rescue.

  • Print patterns and outlines on sheets of stabilizer first
  • Apply stabilizer to the back of fabric before cutting
  • Prevent fraying with either liquid or fusible stabilizer
  • Double sided fusible is great for shaping blossoms
  • Try liquid stabilizer on paper.  Sometimes, you may work the paper even when wet!
  • Also, a spritz of liquid stabilizer on your completed flower helps maintain shape and repel dustSpray on Stabilizer Terial Magic Spray Rocky Mountain Sewing

Tote bags, handbags, purses, beach bags, and shopping bags:  Stabilizer is a must for these craft items.  Shape your bags with stabilizer.

First, use stabilizer to provide support to the bag bottoms.

Tip: Try using a double sided fusible so you can fabric wrap a piece of thick cardboard or plastic to create a removable bottom support!

Next, place it on the sides of the bags.  Sandwich a heavy weight fusible ( I like Floriani Stitch N Shape) between the outside and lining.

Tip: I fuse the Stitch N Shape to the wrong side of the outside fabric NOT the lining.  Then I complete the bag per instructions.

stitch n shape

You will be amazed with the great results.

Try using stabilizer in fabric handles as well.  It’s also a must when attaching handles to bags to support the bar tacks.


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Sewing with Stabilizers

Chiffon, Taffeta, Lawn, and other Delicate or Loose weave fabrics:  Did you ever have trouble just doing a straight seam on a sheer  or slippery fabric?  If you tried to stitch a satin on a machine, then you know how frustrating this task can be! But stabilizer really does help.  Stabilizer tape applied along the edges of the fabric prevents fraying and also stops all the sliding. The fabric will still glide through the machine but without the frustration!

Buttonholes:  If you ever had trouble with buttonholes, then stabilizer will help.   When you look closely at commercial high end or “designer” garments, you will notice the stabilizer in their buttonholes.  Stabilizer will keep the fabric from warping, puckering, or twisting.  Just place stabilizer on the wrong side of the fabric before stitching the buttonhole.  You’ll be amazed with the great results you achieve when using stabilizer for your buttonholes!

  • Allows easier stitching with specialty threads
  • Prevents fabric from puckering, warping, or twisting
  • Also helps maintain even stitch tension
  • Any form will work, but liquid may not provide the added strength
  • Try wash-away and liquid on sheer or delicate fabricsButtonhole fabric stabilizer Rocky Mountian Sewing Arvada Littleton Colorado Springs Aurora Denver

Hems: Probably the most overlooked place to use stabilizer.  As easy as a hem should be, many actually find them difficult.  Or perhaps you find hemming tiresome.  Maybe it’s just one task you try to avoid.  Did you ever wonder why?  If your fabric frays, then your hem will be frustrating.  If the fabric is slippery, then your hem will be aggravating.  What if the fabric edges tend to roll?  Rather than avoid, staple, or glue, try stabilizer.  And, yes, there are quite a few who staple and glue instead of stitching their hems!

  • Apply stabilizer tape along the fabric edge to prevent fraying and rolling
  • Double sided fusible tape is great for holding the hem in place while stitching!
  • Topping will help the fabric slide easier through the machine
  • Both stabilizer and topping enhance hand sewing of hems
  • Wash-aways leave no trace, therefore they are great for hemming
  • Spray on stabilizer is great for preventing puckers with delicate fabrics

HERE’S THE  FREEBIE OFFER – The first 25 customers who come into Each Rocky Mountain Sewing and  mention the blog  offer, will receive a FREE sample pack of Floriani Stabilizer !!!!  This offer is good at any Rocky Mountain Sewing location – Aurora, Colorado Springs, Arvada, and Littleton!  Each location has 25 samples!  That’s 25 per location!

This offer is limited.  No cash substitution or any other substitutions allowed. Limited to One Sample pack per customer.



Yes, stabilizers have many uses in quilting!  One of my favorite uses is for applying quilt binding.

  • First, I make sure to cut my quilt back larger than the front by about 2 inches all the way around.
  • After I quilt the back and front together, I add double sided 1/2 inch fusible stabilizer tape to the OUTSIDE backing edges.
  • Next, fold once along the taped edge – you now have the fusible facing up.
  • Fold again.  You now have the fusible tape against the quilt front with the right side of the backing up, creating a binding!
  • Fuse the folded edges and stitch in place!  So easy and fast!  You can even use this method with mitered corners!Quilt binding Fabric Stabilizer Tape Rocky Mountain Sewing

Try using stabilizers with T-shirt quilts.  Apply fusible stabilizer to the back of the t-shirts, and any other knit fabric you will using, before cutting.  The knits will be easier to cut and easier to piece!  I use a water soluble paper-like fusible for this.  You can easily remove it before gifting the quilt!Fabric Stabilizer Wash Away Stabilizer Rocky Mountain Sewing

Stabilizers are perfect for quilted kitchen items like potholders, placemats, appliance covers, and casserole carriers.  I prefer Floriani Stitch N Shape for appliance covers, placemats, and casserole carriers.  You can also use a fusible stabilizer that looks and feels like fleece or batting.  Both work well for these kitchen items!  Try the fusible binding tip here, too.

Making a crazy quilt with velvets or silks?  Then you should try heat-away stabilizer!  Velvets and silks don’t like water or steam.  The heat-away prevents damage while providing the benefits of stabilizer.   It’s great as a topping when adding the decorative stitches to your crazy quilt.  Plus it shields the surface of the velvet from crushing.  Please see the caution note below!!!Bernina Crazy Quilt Stabilizer Tear Away Stabilizer Rocky Mountain Sewing

Tip:  Heat-away can be messy to remove. Use your DRY iron to “toast” off the stabilizer.  As the heat “cooks” the stabilizer, it will get brittle and begin to flake.  After it cools, use a microfiber cloth or small SOFT brush to get rid of the flakey material. Also – depending on the fabric, the time it takes for the heat-away to “toast” will vary. And, yes, it will work on a  low iron setting.  However, it will take longer.  Hairdryers also work well to brown the heat-away.

Caution:  Heat-away is NOT liquid friendly.  Avoid getting heat-away wet once it is applied to the fabric.  If steam or other liquids such as starch is applied to heat-away, then the fabric may be permanently ruined!  It is important to use a DRY iron or hair dryer to “toast” the heat-away.

Did you find the Freebie Offer and the Coupon?

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As you can see, there is tons of information, tips, and tricks with using stabilizer.  Probably, I could write a book.  Feel free to leave a comment. If you have questions, please ask either through our website or in person at our stores.  If you want to see a topic covered in the blog, then please ask!

If you want to experiment with stabilizers and fabric,  then request a class!  Want to learn all about stabilizers through a class setting so you can add them to your sewing journey?  Please LET US KNOW !   We want to hear from you, our customers!

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Here is your recipe for making Gelatin Stabilizer:

For every  1 Tsp. of unflavored Gelatin use 16 ozs. of warm water.  Stir until gelatin is completely dissolved.  Hot water may be used if fabric can tolerate it.  A 3 gallon bucket works best for yardage pieces. If you are using scraps or smaller pieces of fabric, then a bowl is fine.  (8 tsps. gelatin per every gallon of water)

Soak the fabric for at least one hour.  The larger the price, then the longer the soaking time.  Usually, 3 hours is long enough for a 2 yard piece.  After soaking, squeeze out excess water. Next,  roll in a dry towel.  Twist gently to get any remaining excess water.  Carefully shake out to flat piece, then allow to air dry. Gelatin will completely rinse out when project is finished.  (Commercial industries use this to work with chiffon, taffeta, anything that ravels and frays easily.  They also use gelatin to stiffen silks and silky polyesters to make them easier to handle during construction. )

22 thoughts on “Fabric Stabilizers – Not just for Machine Embroidery

  1. Thank you for a very informative and comprehensive explanation of stabilizers. Had no idea there were so many different kinds. Agree and have used stabilizers when quilting especially small pieces of materials.

  2. I also appreciated this comprehensive review, tips, etc regarding stabilizers . I would be Interested in a class. Thank you

    1. Karlene,
      We really appreciate your feedback! Could you let us know which Rocky Mountain Sewing location you would like the class to be held at? Please share our blog with your sewing friends. ( Check out our other articles on thread, needles, and machine feet.)

    1. Marathon Shapiro,
      Sorry for the delayed response, but we were in transition to a new blogger. In the formula for gelatin stabilizer, it’s all teaspoons. One teaspoon (tsp) per 8 oz or 8 teaspoons (tsps) for a gallon.

  3. I’m doing a quilt entirely of Chinese silk. It frays badly even after serging the edges. What leave in stabilizer should I use?

    1. I would consider using an light weight iron-on interfacing in your fabric right up to the edge of your blocks to keep the edges from fraying. You would still need a good cut away stabilizer in the hoop as well. I recommend Floriani’s Floriani’s No Show Mesh.

      We’d love to see A picture of the quilt when you’re finished!

  4. I just was given an antique embroidered pillow. The base fabric is silk and it is shredding in places. How can I stabilize the silk?

    1. Shauna,
      can you take the pillow apart? If so, I’d recommend a lightweight iron-on stabilizer on the wrong side of the fabric. You can find some that look like a tight mesh netting and it’s very flexible and irons on nicely. It’s called Dream Weave Fusible by Floriani. (Dream Weave Fusible). If it’s not in stock in our stores, we can order it for you.

      Be sure to use a pressing cloth when ironing it on.

      If you can’t get to the underside of the fabric, I’m sorry, but I don’t know what to recommend.

      Good luck!

  5. This is very informative and thank you for the recipe for the liquid stabilizer. 🙂 I would like to add that I use stabilizer for hand embroidery. It just makes sense. 🙂

  6. Thank you,

    for your blog, good information. Still got a question:
    what can I use on polo’s and t-shirts to prevent them from “falling apart” after machine embroidering them?? A few get holes within or just around the embroidery, it’s awfull!
    Preferably a permanent solution, please.

    Appreciate your help,

    1. There are many reasons this could be happening, so it’s difficult to offer a solution without knowing more. However, here’s a few tips that might be helpful. Use a size 11 needle. You can even use a ball point needle made for knits. Watch the stitch density of your design and make sure you use sufficient stabilizer. Your stabilizer should indicate how many stitches it can hold per 4 x 4″ area. If your design is stitch intensive, use additional pieces of stabilizer. You can even float an additional piece of stabilizer under the hoop. Make sure you are using cut away stabilizer and not tear away. I use Floriani’s fusible no show mesh on knit shirts. Check out Floriani’s Stabilizer Workbook for some great information different types of stabilizers.
      Hope this helps!

  7. I sewed 36 tshirts together and wasn’t aware that I should have used stabilizer on the back for when I ask someone to do the quilting. I want to attach stabilizer behind all of the tshirts.
    I would like to use water soluble paper-like fusible stabilizer that doesn’t dissolve away completely when washed. How do you recommend I apply it? Can I cut squares the size of each tshirt and iron 36 squares on the back? I really appreciate your thoughts!


    1. Your quilt is beautiful. I think it would work for you to iron on stabilizer on the back of each square. Be sure to use a cut away stabilizer. I am not sure I would use a wash away, I suggest the Embellish Fusible Underlay. It will stabilize the knits but not add stiffness. Embellish Fusible Underlay

      There is also a product called Dream Weave from Floriani that would also work well.
      Dream Weave Ultra

      Good luck!

  8. I used to be able to buy a rinse away stabilizer that I could trace the pattern cut the shape that I wanted to applique and glue it to the back of my fabric, then I would cut it out leaving about a 1/4 inch then I would glue that down by folding it around the rinse away pattern. Then I would glue everything to the block like this one I have attached and sew a small zig zag around everything with invisible thread and then wash it and all of the stabilizer would go away and you would have a beautiful applique block. I cant seem to find any of this type of stabilizer any more, can you help me find a product like this that I can purchase to do this type of applique. It has the same texture as pellon and is a medium to heavier weight so that you are able to fold the fabric around it.


    1. You might try Embellish Fusible Dissolvable Tearaway stabilizer:

      Embellish™ Fusible Dissolvable (by RNK) Tearaway is manufactured using partial tear away stabilizer plus water soluble stabilizer, leaving the right part of your design stabilized without bulk. There is also a fusible version which would eliminate the need for you to use glue.

      Floriani has Stitch N Wash stabilizer is easily torn away without distorting stitches or harming the delicate fibers of heirloom quality fabrics. The design will retain the non-soluble part of the Floriani Stitch N Wash Tearaway Stabilizer throughout the life of the garment keeping the embroidery looking smooth. Any remnants of the Floriani Stitch N Wash Tearaway Stabilizer around the design will wash out in the laundry. This Floriani Stitch N Wash Tearaway Stabilizer is now available in 8 ½” x 11″ sheets for feeding through a printer for paper/foundation piecing designs and templates.

      OESD has Ultra Clean & Tear PLUS Tearaway Washaway Stabilizeris a high quality medium weight tearaway, washaway stabilizer with a water soluble adhesive coating.

      I think any of these will work for you.

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